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CNC Turning machining (168)

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Making is really a machining process used to create cylindrical parts where in actuality the cutting tool moves within a linear fashion as the workpiece rotates. Commonly performed having a lathe, turning reduces how big the workpiece to confirmed dimension and creates a easy part finish. A pcturning middle is really a lathe with a pc numerical control( CNC). Advanced turning centers also can perform many different milling and drilling operations.

Wish to find out about CNC Lathes but uncertain where to start ? Well, you are at the best place!

For all those new to a, the sheer variety, sizes and specialized uses of CNC( Computer Statistical Control) machines found in production could be mind boggling— from lathes, milling machines, and multi- axis machines to machine tools.

To assist you better determine what each tool is all about and how you may utilize them, we are starting a brand new series on the fundamentals of CNC Machine Equipment.

In this specific article , we will pay attention to CNC Lathe Machines, covering the next:

– Meaning of CNC Lathe

– Aspects of CNC Lathe

– Uses of CNC Lathe

– Development CNC Lathe

– Kinds of CNC Lathes

– Prices of CNC Lathes

– Types of CNC Lathes

Thought to be the workhorses in the manufacturing sector, lathe machines have been used because the 19th century. As opposed to its predecessors, today 's CNC Lathes are far more superior and automatic.

Powering factories around the globe , they can be used in many different applications.

Meaning of A great CNC Lathe Machine

So, just what is a CNC Lathe Equipment?

Operated with Computer Numerical Control( CNC) systems and supplied with precise design instructions, CNC Lathes are machine tools when the materials or part is clamped and rotated by the important thing spindle, whilst the cutting tool basically on the fabric, is mounted and moved in a variety of axis.

CNC Lathes are often useful for machining parts, where the materials/ part is clamped and rotated whereas the cutting tool is stationery mounted for Z( Outer Diameter) and ID( Inner Diameter) operations, e. g. shafts and pipes. They are great for parts that might have same symmetry around an axis that may be chucked up( in example radially clamped) inside the spindle.

A straightforward CNC Lathe operates on 2- axis plus the tool depend on a hard and fast position at eight to 24 station turret. The businessrotating action of the business is called "turning", hence certain forms of CNC Lathes these are known as CNC Turning Machines.

Milling( cutting tool moves around stationery workpiece), boring and tapping( an instrument that cuts threads inside hole) tools usually are driven by a different drive system in the turret. With regards to the software, the life span tools( i. electronic. active tool) are mounted for axial or radial operational guidelines. These could be within 3- axis CNC Lathes or CNC Turning Machines.

Lathe machines with additional options such as for example Y- axis, bass speaker- spindles, or specific chosen choices for automation are generally called Turning Centres. These superior machine tools are designed for machining complex parts– these exceed standard OD& IDENTIFICATION turning functions and can include milling, drilling and tapping functions to accomplish the business enterprise in any one time. Going for a part from raw part to completed product, such all- in- one machine tools significantly boosts productivity.

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Typically theDiverse Regions of a CNC Lathe

Which are the several areas of a CNC Lathe Machine? Exactly how do these different aspects of the CNC Machine Tool aligned?

Generally, CNC Lathe machines comes within the next main designs:


Up and down

Slant Bed



Multiple- axis

Other styles, e. g. Switzerland Type, Multi- spindle, W- axis

Based on their configuration, CNC Lathes might have following components.


Your bed of any CNC Lathe or CNC Turning Centre varieties the main element base for the entire machine. It is where the number of aspects of the equipment are installed on. Such as for instance, the spindle stock which homes the device 's main spindle, tailstock body, X and Z axis slide, optional Y- axis, and sub- spindle.

To be sure longevity, Hwacheon manufactures machine mattresses using top quality Meehanite solid iron. These help limit heat distortion and sturdy mechanical stability. This means that the parts machined are constantly accurate.


Referred to as the heart of any machine tool, the important thing spindle includes a spindle assembly as well as the spindle drive system. These kind of are a few of the moving areas of the CNC machine tool, and so they include engines, gears, and so they chuck( more into it later). The informationC- axis drive which helps to put the material is likewise assembled alongside the spindle.

Tool holders are typically installed in the turret disk( a rotating disk allowing tools to get positioned and switched), they include both fixed and life tool holders. Living tool drive product is natural.

To make sure greater quality, Hwacheon produces 100% of a unique spindles and elements of it. These kind of can tolerate standard or maybe more optional rpm ranges, run with minimized vibration levels, according to the software requirements.

Subwoofer- Spindle/ Second Spindle

Separate from the biggest thing spindle as an alternative, the bass speaker- spindle works in synchronize using the key spindle to perform the initial and second cutting inside a CNC lathe. This boosts efficiency and throughput per cycle. When named as an additional spindle, the machine has exactly the same capacity and power as the main element spindle.

Made with the end- users in mind to attain higher mobility and satisfaction, sub- spindles can be found optionally on Hwacheon 's Hi- TECH Series.


A eliminate is really a vice- like structure that grips the constituents to become machined. It is actually fastened to the important thing spindle that rotates the chuck plus the workpiece.

To accomplish higher productivity that manufactures, you need to think of COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL lathes that give you a number of options, enabling you to in order to the best tool for the turning careers. A few of Hwacheon 's machine tools have the mobility and size to guide extra- long oil pipe machining along with other long shaft applications.


The guide way permits the tool to go horizontally and head to feet to attain a straightforward trimming process. To make certain durability, solidity and the greatest accuracy are necessary for this structure.

Hwacheon includes highly rigid solid box manuals on all axes for that Hi- TECH kind of machines to cut down time passed between processes also to improve engineering precision.


Comprising the main element motor, the headstock holds the important thing spindle where in actuality the remove is attached to. To make sure powerful, you're looking for to take into account if the machine tool 's headstock will manage high torque at low speed. This is a crucial consideration for tough materials.

For Hwacheon 's Hi- TECHNOLOGY Series, our gear- tranny system provides power and balance. The transmission assembly and spindle motor will also be built to limit heat and vibration copy.


Tailstock are used to supply an extra support force one lack of from the gold end in the component. That is necessary when machining long and extra- long work pieces( e. g. Shafts).

For Hwacheon 's Progressed Series machines, the tailstock could be programmed to get located in semi- auto mode. This permits it to offer firm support and greater precision for the machined parts.


The turret supplies the to replace the cutting tools needed for machining. Hence it really is attached to the tool turret. How big is the turret depends upon the total amount and size of tools which will be attached with it.

To make sure stability and precision in engineering, the turret in, for instance, Hwacheon 's Hi- TECH 550 provides a strong clamping pressure, offering a catalog moments of 0. 2 sec/ setup for fast plus more stable machining.

A number of the solutions include:

Computer numerical controlLathe Y- axis( for off- center operations)

Cnc-Lathe Part Catcher( off- loading of parts automatically)

CNC Lathe Bar Feeder/ Bar Magazine( single bar utilized in bar feeder as the magazine can supply for programmed processes involving a level of bars).

Bass speaker- spindle

MC– drive includes milling, life tools and C- axis operation

Numerousbed measures to cater long shafts or plumbing

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What might you Use a CNC Lathe For?

Your computer NUMERICAL CONTROL lathe machine is generally used to execute/ produce exact round shapes with an Outer Diameter( OD), and an Inner Diameter( ID). Practically an array of structures could possibly be machined with this model tool, according to the requirements in several industries.

CNC Lathes are generally found in industries such as for example gas& gas, automotive, aerospace, medical, electronics, mining, engine power, metal& paper mills, and deliver building, just mention just a few .

Modern CNC Lathes normally include life tools that may go in multiple axis. Designed for example, they might include both X and Y- axis, will include a second turret with various tools, or will include a bass speaker-/ second spindle. These kind of features help be more efficient and versatile several milling, drilling and tapping procedures.

In this way an entire as well as complex part production process, eliminating the necessity to transfer the business to another machine for an additional e. g. to a new CNC milling machine or CNC machining centre.

Tips on how to Programme a CNC Lathe?

Among the normal questions asked is: how CNC Lathes could be programmed and software the actual CNC machine tools normally use?

A up to date CNC lathe could be programmed in the next manner:

Entirely on the gear, using a modern CNC Development Support System such as for example "Manual Guide I"( FANUC) or ShopTurn( SIEMENS).

Off- line using a CAD/ CAM system. These often involve more difficult shapes to become machined, or some operations.

Found typically , the CNC Lathes or CNC Turning Machines can process one CNC programme as the next CNC programme has been founded and programmed. This can improve the efficiency of the availability process and saves some personnel effort.

Hwacheon CNC Lathe

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Some of the Diverse Forms of CNC Lathes?

COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Lathes– Just how many Axis?

CNC lathes today are provided with various different axis, allowing more complicated parts to get produced with no need to manually switch machines or tools. The various axis illustrate how the machined part( and also the tool) could be positioned/ contacted and rotated with the machining process.

two- Axis CNC Lathe

With this basic system, the two linear axes enables you to perform OD/ IDENTITY( example cylindrical machining) and facing operations, or drilling and tapping in the centre of the business. However, it doesn't permit milling to be performed.

a few- Axis CNC Lathe

During conjunction with the essential Back button and Z axis, C axis and life tool system are added. This permits part to get positioned to execute standard milling operations, boring, and tapping functions. Helical milling functions concerning the slow sync rotation of the business are possible.

four- axis CNC Lathe

Here, the Y- axis is added to the device in order that off- centre machining functions can be executed . It will work very well for further irregular and intricate operations.


Such machines, one more Turret is included with a 3- axis CNC lathe( e. g. T2- 2 T). Such machines would then have 2- axis each and every turret( up and low turret) in addition to the C- axis within the rotating spindle. That permit the utilization of two tools at precisely the same time on the business, hence lowering cycle times drastically.

6thor maybe more Axis CNC Lathe

In this essay , the permutation of such lathes may include the next:

twox C- axis( main and second spindle)

two times Turret( up and low turret gun, each with 2 linear axis)

onex Y- axis towards the top turret

a definite x Second spindle which could move towards key spindle to get the business

Needless to say, you can find machines using more than 8 axis. However, those are really superior and complex machines that aren't normally required for common developing needs.

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What Is the price tag on a CNC Lathe?

So simply how much will do a CNC Lathe machine cost, and exactly what if you ask for when requesting an established CNC machine tool manufacturer to quote for any CNC lathe?

To generate the full total cost of purchasing a CNC Lathe, we need to consider these.

Regionof origin






Find out about these areas below.

Regionof Origin

Producer and the united states( South Korea, Germany, Japan, Taiwan, China and tiawan, others) where in actuality the CNC Lathes are manufactured have a big impact on the values.


It's going to effect the perfromance and quality specs of the device, and so they include factors like the next:

The simplest way much R&D and prototyping are dedicated to building the equipment?

Quality of garbage and quality of key components too their origin of developing?

Do these cards manufacturers work with a deep manufacturing system( i. in the. from foundry to finished machine, like Hwacheon) or do these cards merely do assembly, or use OEM companies?

Will be the machines mass- produced? Or have they got focused lines produced for specific needs and top quality standards


The roomsizes of CNC Lathes are usually particular with the chuck size and the area between centers.

As an example, Hwacheon 's Advanced 200 standard machine is provided by chuck scale 8 "to 10" is lower in expense compared to Advanced 230 standard machine and this is given by throw scale 8 "to 10". However, HI- TECH 230 carries a much modern design and technology, and offers the for you to upgrade with options to a much more superior machine.

Style– Standard or Complex Machine

Standard machines are usually reduced price than intricate ones. These will be the same machines when you have additional option parts.

As an example, Hey there- TECH 450A standard machine features a chuck scale 10 ". It could be fixed with 12 "and 15" chuck, in example Hi- TECHNICAL 450A/ B/ C, providing at exactly the same time bigger spindle bore diameters. Besides these s standard machines could be when you yourself have milling functions, Y- axis, subwoofer- spindle in addition to a longer machine bed( Hi- TECH 450A/ B/ C– std/ MC/ YMC/ YSMC/ LYSMC).


Machine prices will also be influenced by the number of options chosen.

Adding options like Y- axis, additional motor power, main spindle revolt range, guide way system( linear ball or roller, box guide way), coolant through spindle( CTS) systems( 30 or 70 bar), tool setter, chip conveyors( standard or special for aluminium), or spindle bore size( particularly when BB or BB+) will produce added costs to a regular machine.

Additional options like special bearings, programmed tool corrigers( ATC) and hydraulic chucks will even impact the device prices.


Finally, shipping costs from the positioning of manufacture to the last- user will add to the device price. That may differ from country to country.

How big the device to become shipped will influence the packing and kind of transportation( container or level rack) used. This may subsequently affect the buying price of COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Lathe.

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Drawingsof Hwacheon CNC Lathes and CNC Turning Centers

As a global- class CNC machine tool maker, Hwacheon Machine Equipment has a range various CNC Lathes and CNC Getting Centers under our Hi- Tech series

All Hwacheon 's Complex machines have these features:

Precise and rigid mechanical parts, designed for durability and strength

Substantialarray of specifications to generally meet comprehensive selection of machining answers

Tried, tried and tested world wide

Produced by Professionals in machine tool making in South Korea

Dedicated then made- to- order custom- made machines, i. on the. not stated in higher volumes

Maintained some sort of- wide network of Hwacheon service partners

HorizontallyTurning Center– Hi- TECH 230

The most recentHi- TECH 230 Making Center is the newest model inside the Hwacheon Hi- TECH line. This modern COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Turning Machine features the following:

Available as standard 2- axis CNC Lathe or a fancy powerful COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Turning Center.

With the capacity of controlling high volume production or "Great Mix– Low Volume" manufacturing.

Available like a– M or C version based on a spindle bore and chuck sizes.

Number of standard length to "D"( long) or as "XL"( extra- long) for shaft work application.

Using the optional Sumado a- axis( 4th axis) and an additional sub- spindle( 5th axis), off- centre functions and second clamping for complete machining is manufactured easy in any one time.

The powerful milling drive with 5. 5Kw supplies the highest application variety/ flexibility, causeing this to be CNC Getting Center a great- rounded CNC Turn- Mill Centre.

Automation solutions are proposed employing between bar feeder/ magazine, gantry loading system or using robots.

The special designed turret with this CNC Getting Center provides up- to 24 stations through its fifty percent index function/ capability.

Your modern clean design that is compact and hassle-free yet provides high capacity manufacturing answers.

HorizontallyTurning Center– Hey there- TECH 415

The Hey there- TECH 450 Turning Centre is a successful machine within the Hwacheon stable, and is amongst the very sold machines in the Hwacheon Hi- TECHNICAL line. It supplies the next features:

Can be utilized as standard 2- axis COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Lathe to an expensive and extremely CNC Turning Middle.

Handle high volume production or "High Mix– Low Volume level" manufacturing.

Available like a– B or C version, having a variation various spindle bores and chuck sizes.

Number of standard length to "D"( long) for shaft work or larger dimensioned parts/ application.

Using the optional Y- axis( 4th axis) and further sub- contract- spindle( 5th axis), off- centre functions and second clamping for complete machining is in 3 easy steps in any one time up.

The powerful Milling drive with up- to five. 5Kw provides highest application variety/ flexibility, causeing this to become CNC Turning Middle to a general CNC Switch- Mill Centre.

Automation email address details are proposed utilizing between Club feeder/ magazine, Gantry Reloading System or using Robots.

The key drive( 22Kw or recommended 26Kw) has a gear Box, providing extreme high torque and causeing this to be COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Turning Center being noticed beat its nearest rivals.

Laterally Turning Center– Advanced 400 fifty

The Hi- TECH 400 fifty CNC Turning Center is the the top of a comprehensive portfolio of machines inside the Hwacheon Hi- TECH line. That hi- tech CNC Turning Center stages not merely above all the others on the market as a result of size and weight, but because of the excellent specification and capabilities. Where other made machines fail, this technical marvel offers very good results.

Produced by Master Engineers at Hwacheon, it offers the sun and rain:

Available from standard 2- axis CNC Lathe to a posh and powerful CNC Great Tech Turning Center.

Equipped to handle high capacity production or "High Mix– Low Volume level" manufacturing of enormous size parts.

Provided by a typical Club Scale 164 mm or more- to 32 "chuck size, accessibility to BB with Club scale up- to 300 mm, or as large BB+ with up- to 375 mm utilized by the Oil& Gas industry.

Collection of standard length( 2. 50 m centre distance) to "L"( long with 3. 60 m) and XL( extra- long with 5. 15 m centre distance) for massive shaft work or large dimensioned part/ application.

Using the optional Sumado a- axis( 4th axis) off- centre operations, complex engineering is in 3 easy steps in any one time.

The powerful Milling drive with up- to 11Kw supplies the highest application variety/ flexibility, causeing this to be COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Turning Center a unique COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL Turn- Mill Center.

The key drive( 45Kw or recommended 55Kw) is made as an immediate drive system for the spindle. It gives extremely high torque( up- to 6th, 800Nm) and power, causeing this to be plus size CNC Turning Centre one of the greater in the market .

Maximum hydraulic stable remainder of up- to 510 mm, boring bar sizes of up- to diameter 100 mm impertinent 1000 mm yet providing full action in the special wide turret gun.

Special application with bigger and bigger boring bar sizes included in request.


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    CNC Turning machining (168)
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